Christology - Nature of Jesus Christ, the Son of God
"And how shall they preach, except they be sent?" Romans 10:15a
Without quoting scripture at this point, but a simple stating of stance, there is a humbling of Jesus to be made a man, and there is a glorification of this man Jesus. All forms of Christology will agree as to the mediatory role of Jesus. However as a man, there are various thoughts as to how low Jesus went in his humility; some stating that Jesus was a man of Adam before the fall, others contend that he was a man of Adam after the fall, with an Adamic nature with a propensity to sin just like all mankind, however that Jesus never acted or committed sin.
There is a difference in Jesus Person as the
only-begotten (monogenes) Son of God and mankind who is resurrected like him.
Jesus was the only unique born Son of God; not just that God as Spirit indwelled
a man having two natures, but there was an inseparable union in the Son of God
possessing 1) Spirit of God without measure 2) flesh (sarx = human spirit,
rational soul, and body of flesh and blood). All the fulness of the Godhead
dwelleth (katoikeo-to house permanently) in Christ Jesus bodily, God placing His
Jesus as the Self Existent Eternal Spirit of God humbled himself in a self imposed limitation in order to become a man; who being in the form of God (morphe Theos) made himself (God's own self) no reputation (humbled, self limitation, emptied out) made (ginomai) in the likeness of men, fashioned as a man. This is no temporary union, but a permanent union revealing God, for no man hath seen God at any time, the only-begotten (monogenes) Son who is in the bosom of the Father hath declared him. This is Gods own heart, Love manifested.
With that said, mankind will be resurrected...Jesus was resurrected. No problem. But the glorification of Jesus Christ who was God alone in Spirit came not as an ordinary man; if Jesus was just an ordinary man possessing the Spirit of God without measure; that is, Jesus being a man who was filled with the Holy Ghost rather than being the Holy Ghost who became a man, then I would accept a two natures in heaven at present, the Father being divine and the Son of God being humanity glorifed. However, there are not two differing natures seated in heaven. It goes beyond resurrection, for resurrection is not the focal point, we are referring to in Jesus' glorification. How low did Jesus as Spirit go in order to redeem mankind? In His exaltation? How high was Jesus exalted? In other words, God came in a permanent union with flesh in the only-begotten Son of God having the self/will of the Father + the self/will of flesh (sarx=spirit, soul, and body). This was not just a temporary dwelling place for the Spirit of God, but was permanent to the point we can say God became flesh
(not by transmutation, but union).
The glory that the Son of God emptied Himself by
the vail separating His Spirit (Self/Will) between his self/will of flesh; in
humbling himself as a man, He then took back to the fullest, destroying the vail
separating the Self/Will of God that He Is/ with the self/will of man that he
is. Jesus as the Son of God is God with no division.
Jesus is the man as the permanent abode for all that God is or ever will be; God. After Jesus' glorification, the problem comes when we separate this man Jesus who is God who is Eternal; either focusing on his humility stating that he is only this or that; or focusing on degrees of manifestation in between the man and God; or focusing on glorification, being not the man seated on the throne, but only at the right hand or just an image of God. The "Jesus Only" doctrine is the only doctrine that does not separate Jesus. Any attempt to place duality to him, some kind of unity but still a differentiation, results in the glory of God being diluted from the man Jesus Christ who is God. Jesus cannot be divided. Either he the man Christ Jesus is God of he is not.
First and foremost, Jesus is the Spirit of God who is the LORD Jehovah God Almighty, the one and only Supreme Deity being one Spirit. Jesus as Spirit preexisted his birth as to the Spirit that he is as God, for He created all things. (John 1:10; Colossians 1:16). Jesus Christ has been from of old, from everlasting as to His Spirit.
Jesus himself said the flesh profiteth nothing, but the Spirit which is the life. Jesus is the light of life having come in the flesh as a man of Adam which naturally gave him a human nature in that he took upon him the nature of men...not of angels in order to help man. After the death of the fleshly nature on the cross of Calvary, the veil of the temple rent in two from top to bottom doing away with the human nature once and for all in order for us to partake of his one divine nature; thus, showing us the way of the cross. We must do the same as our Lord did in his example in eating his flesh and drinking his blood being made conformable to his death that we also may have this life, being partakers of the heavenly gift and tasting of the powers of the world to come. Before God came into the world, He had one nature; when he came as a man of Adam he had two natures (divine and human); after resurrection He went back to the glory that He had before the foundation of the world in being glorified with the same glory; thus in glorification, back to one divine nature. He is not still in a human nature as salvation has been paid in full, even though the office of the Son of God is still present until all enemies are put under his feet. Then will come the end when the Son will deliver up the kingdom to the Father that he Jesus will be all, through all, and in us all. The office of the Son of God being a mediator role does in no way negate the glory of the Son of God to the Father; that is, the Son of God is the Father with no distinguishing natures.
Mankind had fallen and therefore could not go to God because of sin separating mankind from God who is holy. Therefore, God would come to mankind in the greatest display of love that that is incomprehensible as to human thinking, but only known in Christ Jesus. To the dismay of angels, God Himself would come to earth as a man, being made in the likeness of men, fashioned Himself as a man of Adam after the fall with a propensity to sin, just like all mankind.
When the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us and we beheld his glory as the only begotten Son of God, God became a man. For in him dwelleth al the fullness of the Godhead bodily. (Colossians 2:9). This statement of Paul declares that the man Christ Jesus was not just a man that had the Holy Ghost, but God as Spirit or divine nature added to Himself a permanent abode or dwelling in a permanent union forever, never to be done away with. Therefore, God put his own name upon this permanent abode naming it Yesh Shua or Yeshua in contracted form meaning YHWH is Salvation; transliterated into English JESUS. This act of God in coming in a permanent union with mankind must have shocked the angels above measure, for all were present at the birth of Jesus, who is born in the city of David, Christ the Lord Jehovah God Almighty.
Many refer to varying glories of Jesus stating offices, or natures, or personalities, or character. Is Jesus the Holy Ghost? Is Jesus the Father? Is the Son of God the Father? Yes, He is all these things. When you see Jesus, he is the one Spirit that humbled himself to be made like us and he is the same Spirit that took back this same glory that he had before the foundation of the world. When God took on flesh as a man of Adam, He did not just reside in him; He became flesh; that is, all the fullness of the Godhead dwelleth (katoikao meaning to house permanently, abide continually). In all manifestations of God, God was present but did not take on a permanent abode or dwelling, neither did He put his name there forever as He did in Christ Jesus, bearing Gods own name.
Man couldnt go to God, so God came to man. The union before and after glorification will be permanent throughout eternity being inextricable in that the union will never be dissolved or divided. However, Jesus Christ will have two distinguishing natures before glorification in order to work salvation on behalf of mankind. He will take upon Himself as Spirit with a divine nature, the self of a man of Adam with a human nature; the divine nature united with the human nature. The human nature will be present in the days of Jesus flesh as a man in that he will eat, drink, become weary and tired, be weak, thirst, hunger, etc. with a human soul just like all mankinds. He will be made in all things like his brethren, taking upon Himself as the Spirit of God the nature of mankind, being tempted in all points like as we are, yet without sin. (Hebrews 4:15b).
The major point of reference is Jesus Christ as the Son of God is not a God-man with a division of natures, but a combined nature in a permanent union as one Person. Before glorification, there are two distinct natures in Jesus in a self imposed limitation in that He made himself no reputation; that is, the kenosis or emptied out, humbled, self imposed limitation to work only as a man through the Spirit of God.
Jesus stated the following before glorification in relation to the office of the Father. I and my Father are one. (John 10:30). He did not use the term of God-man anywhere in the Word of God. God-man is a term used solely of the Chalcedonian Definition of the Catholic Church in its explanation of Christ; i.e. Christology as stated below.
Chalcedonian Definition as the last Christological Council:
Do you see that the designation God-man as stated in the Chalcedonian Definition and its referral to two natures with no differentiation as to pre- and post-glorification of Jesus Christ as the Son of God? This is definitely not the revelation of Jesus Christ who before he was glorified had two distinct natures being divine and human; whereas after he was glorified had only one divine nature.
Yes, Jesus Christ the man is Lord Jehovah God Almighty. Any distinction of offices is still Jesus. The reason for the work of God to be manifested in the earth is to reveal Jesus, the man who is God, besides him, there is no God. All the works of God in judgment ends with "then shall ye know that I am the LORD", for God is the LORD who is the Lord who is the lord which is only one Lord, regardless of offices or manifestations.
Who is this Lord? For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living...For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me (Jesus), and every tongue confess to God." (Romans 14:9,11). No man can say Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. There are not two Lords, for there is only one Lord who is Jesus. The man Christ Jesus is the LORD, who is the Lord, who is the lord; only one Lord. The terms dual nature, unity but diversity, united natures are all divisions that are man placed by carnal thinking upon Jesus the man who is God; that is, the Son of God.
Jesus is Omnipresent; that is everywhere not subject to time and space as we are. A duality of natures is different in my opinion than varying offices of Jesus as Spirit. Yes, there is a mediator between God and man, the man Christ Jesus. The Holy Ghost is here in the earth indwelling the believers and the Word states the following: "Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you." (John 16:13,14). The Holy Ghost hears? From whom does the Holy Ghost hear? The Holy Ghost hears from the administrative office of God which is the Father. There are not two Persons noted here, not a dual nature; but simply a different office of the Spirit. The man is not done away with in the Son of God. It is in his glorification back to where he was before that does away with any dual nature after glorification.
Lets examine the work of the cross in salvation for mankind..."Then said Jesus unto them, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he, and that I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things." (John 8:28). What does this time on the cross have to do with Jesus stating that we would know that He is the Father? It is because that the natural human nature will be put to death in paying the ultimate penalty of death for sin in order to bring mankind back to God. Jesus the resurrected man will be brought back to the glory that he had with the Father before the world was. (John 17:5). The reason that the vail rent from top to bottom was that Jesus as a man in flesh died making a way into the Most Holy Place, the vail being his flesh (spirit, soul, and body); following his death, the self of the man was glorified with the self of God, back to the same glory that he had before the world was; no vail of distinction being placed there between the man and God which was present in the days of his flesh as a man of Adam; thus one nature and not two after his glorification.
And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. (John 1:14). Is this God dwelling in a man the same as a believer is filled with the Holy Ghost? Can we use an analogy of a glass being filled with water; the glass being the container alluding the Jesus flesh as a man, and the water being analogous to the Spirit of God that was in him? Is Jesus the man simply a robot that is has no union with the Spirit of God at all, but simply a container for the Spirit of God to work through?
When the Word was made flesh, this was not just a casual temporary union or dwelling of God in flesh (sarx) as a man; this was the only begotten Son of God; that is, a permanent abode for the fulness of the Godhead. Yes, we can see God, for we shall all see him face to face...for the Son of God is God. I agree that there were two natures in the Son of God in the days of his flesh before his glorification, but after glorification, there is only one nature in which we are partakers of as in 2 Peter 1:4. I don't find another human Nature added to his divine nature after glorification.
Jesus said that if a man love him, the Father will love him, and "we will come unto him, and make our abode with him." (John 14:23). Of course the Holy Ghost was not yet given, for Jesus was not yet glorified. This is the Son of God and the Father making or dwelling in the believers. This is not two natures, but one and the selfsame nature of God, for the Son of God is God.
Let's look at another verse for revelation of the Son of God who is the Father having only one nature. "And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life. Little children, keep yourselves from idols. Amen." (1 John 5:20). Who are we in and who is in us? John did not state the office of the Father, Word, or Holy Ghost in this verse...the only office he stated is the Son of God. Of course the Holy Ghost is in us which is the Father which is the Son of God.
There are various and differing offices of the Spirit of God as to purpose and will of God in His Person and Work. However, there is only One Self Existent Eternal God who is working in each and every office of the Spirit of God. There are no different existences of God in different offices, but one Self Existent God. In other words, He that hath the Son hath the Father, for the Spirit of God cannot be divided. Jesus stated in the days of his flesh to ask the Father is his name. But He then added that there would be a day future after glorification that he would not pray the Father for us, for glorification would put the Son of God back to His glory as the Father, the time when Jesus would show us plainly of the Father. "At that day ye shall ask in my name: and I say not unto you, that I will pray the Father for you: For the Father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me, and have believed that I came out from God. I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world (two natures): I leave the world, and go to the Father (one nature)....Now we are sure that thou knowest all things, and needest not that any man should ask thee: by this we believe that thou camest forth from God." (John 16:26-28). Jesus in the days of his flesh did not know all things, for example the time of his coming in the second advent. "But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father." (Mark 13:32). However after glorification the Son of God knows all things since there is only one nature..no separation of natures, no distinctions between the Son of God and the Father since the Father has glorified the Son with His Self.
How did God send Christ? "But when the fulness of time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law." (Galatians 4:4) This is God coming in form as a man with two natures in the days of his flesh. Let's go on with the Son of God after glorification. John saw Jesus before his glorification and walked with him in the days of his flesh for about 3 1/2 years. Then Jesus died on the cross of Calvary for our redemption and resurrected from the dead. He then was glorified the same day of resurrection going back to the Father telling Mary after his resurrection that he was ascending to "my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and to your God." After the glorification of the Son of God, the apostles walked openly with Jesus for forty days until he ascended into heaven. During these forty days John spoke of the Son of God. "That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life." (1 John 1:1). Before glorification during the 3 1/2 years, the disciple John could not handle the Word, for the Word is the Father, the Holy Ghost. But now he states that he has not only heard the Word, but has seen the Word, and has handled the Word. The Word is Spirit. He heard, seen, and touched the Word of life.
To eat the flesh of the Son of man and to drink his blood is not cutting off a man's arm who is seated in heaven beside the throne or standing on the right hand side of God and having a barbecue with a human nature, but is partaking of the divine nature. This is the flesh and blood of the Son of man that gives life. But to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed?
Jesus is Omniscient, knowing the beginning from the end. The man Christ Jesus came from God and went back to God. We came from dust and go back to dust waiting for the resurrection of our bodies. Jesus Christ is the Son of God glorified back to the Father, nothing short of being glorified with God's own self. The glory that was put off in humbling Himself to become a man he took back in the full glory. Jesus, the Son of God has all power in heaven and in earth given to him after glorification...There is no human nature that has any power, only the divine.
Is it correct to say God died on the cross? The Spirit of God did not die on the cross of Calvary, but the Son of God who is God did die on the cross. Then did God die on the cross of Calvary? If you believe that Jesus Christ as the Son of God is God in an inextricable union of a divine and human nature, the human nature dying as the man Christ Jesus died on the cross, then yes, God did die on the cross in the office of the Son of God. If one believes that Jesus Christ is merely a man that had the Holy Ghost without measure with no permanent union with God; not believing in a permanent union in God becoming a man with the fullness of the Godhead in Christ Jesus bodily, then No, God did not die on the cross of Calvary, only the man died and not the Son of God since man is man and God is Spirit. But to those who want to know who died on the cross, the Son of God died on the cross who is God manifested in a body of flesh as a man. The Son of God cannot be divided into parts; that is, one part of the Son of God being Spirit of God without measure, and the other part of the Son of God being a man of Adam. Anyone who states that the Son of God did not die on the cross, but only a man of Adam died on the cross does not have the revelation of the Son of God. The Son of God is comprised of two natures which cannot be divided, but are in a permanent union forever; 1) Spirit of God without measure, and 2) man of Adam being flesh (sarx) having a human spirit, rational soul, and a body of flesh and blood.
The Son of God without the permanent union is not the Son of God. For instance, if the Son of God is Spirit without the permanent union of a man, then He is the Father, Word, or Holy Ghost and not the Son of God. If the Son of God does not have the Spirit of God without measure in a permanent union with a man of flesh (sarx) having a human spirit, rational soul, and a body of flesh and blood; then he is a man only and not the Son of God. The Son of God is God manifested in a body of flesh; the only begotten Son of God.
How about the saying the blood of the Holy Ghost? Some will immediately jump on that statement screaming that the Spirit has no blood. However, when one sees the revelation of the Son of God as the Christ, the LORD Jehovah God Almighty, then there is no problem or disparity is stating the blood of the Holy Ghost or the blood of God since there is no separation in the permanent union of divinity with humanity in the Son of God; that is, that God was made in the likeness of men, fashioned as a man. Jesus being God before the world was in glory, had to empty out of this glory as the divine nature by taking on or adding a human nature to Himself called the Greek kenoo meaning to empty, make empty a. of Christ, he laid aside equality with or the form of God; to make void, deprive of force, render vain, useless, of no effect, to make void cause a thing to be seen to be empty, hollow, false..
Jesus Christ as the Spirit of God in divine nature added to Himself a human nature being the Word made flesh and called the Son of God who is the only begotten of God. This is the only begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father, being one with the Father as one male person.
Before Jesus was glorified, the human nature is seen dominantly in the Son of God strictly for mankinds redemption. However, after Jesus death, burial, resurrection, and subsequent glorification, the man Christ Jesus does not possess a human nature in conjunction with the divine nature, the vail of distinction being rent from top to bottom, Jesus own self being glorified with Gods own self having only one divine nature.
The office of the Son of God is the office that is attacked by Satan as he knows that the church is built upon this rock; that is, that Christ is the Son of the living God. That is why we have so many different doctrines of Christ, the Son of God. In the volume of the Book is written of the man that came to do the will of God. Jehovah Witness calls Jesus "a god". Trinitarians call him the second person of the Godhead. Some call the glorified Christ as in the Chalcedonian Definition "One Person that must be expressed in two natures". Binatarians state that the Son of God is somewhat lesser in glory than the Father, though He is God. There are many manifestations, offices, etc. between heaven and earth today at present that are working in and by the Self Same God. How low did Jesus the Son of God go? How high is the Son of God in exaltation? The Jesus only doctrine states that Jesus as the Son of God is exalted with God's own Self; that is, the glory of the Father. Therefore, God gave the ministry (apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors and teachers) for the perfecting of the saints, until we come into the unity of the faith, unto the knowledge of the Son of God.
With this feeble attempt to put in words Jesus' glory as God, the Son of God glorified to the highest glory as the Father, there remains no self/will of a man, no other nature than that of God, not other God than Jesus Christ our Lord who is the Son of God glorified with God's own Self. Therefore we are looking for the glorious appearing of our great God and Saviour, Jesus Christ. We are not trying to be contentious, but trying to contend for the faith. When we all see Jesus, we will see God sitting upon the one throne of his glory. He will not say, I am Spirit as God, but the man part of me is not God, therefore, do not worship the man. As for me, I will worship the man Christ Jesus as my one and only God.
This is written by a fallible man, Dennis A. Beard
 Strongs Exhaustive Concordance Greek Dictionary of the New Testament 2756